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NIRJON NIRJHOR JIBONANDA


Notun bochore sobai'ke amar subhechha janai. sobai bhalo thakun. bhalo thakar kothai akta chotto golpo mone holo. akbar Beneras'er gongar ghate snan kore uthchen akjon sadhu, tnar pashe akti nimno srenir lok. hothat osabdhan'e oi loktir pa sadhur paye lege galo. shonge shonge se kshoma chailo kintu rag'e ondho hoei sadhuti ta ke khub galagali korlen. dekha galo lokti matha nichu kore abar gongai dub diey snan korlo. aaro rege giey sadhu-ji er karon jiggasa korlen. lokti hat jor kore bollo," Maharaj! ami jate chondal, aar apni sadhu. kintu apni sadhu hoey-o apnar crodh-rup chandal-ke joy korte paren ni. apnar oe chandal-crodh-a nijeke apobitro mone hoai ami abar gonga-snan korlam. shona jai sadhu-ti tnar bhul bujhte pere take joriey dhore tar kache kshoma cheye niechilen. Amader nijeder bhetore anekguli shatru bas kore. bhalobasa diey tader joy kora jai. sei bhalobasa shokoler modheye choriey diey dekhun, bochorer seshe hisheb korle dekha jabe jomar khata anand'e bhore gache.

Jnar buddhi-te sudhu gyan'er alo, hridoy-te Sri Ramkrishno nam aar hate kam abiram, sei Swami Lokeswarananda-ji bochorer ses dinti- te chole gelen. asun, tanke amra sobai pronam janai.

sara jibon dhore jini shanti aar anander khonj'a bohudur porjonto aka akai hente gachen tnar nam Jibonananda Das. ae bochorti'te tnar jonmer shata-barsha purno hobe. ki chilo tnar lekhar modheye jate amra jara bangla boli, sobai tnar shonge akatma bodh kori? janapriyo-ta mapar sohoj upai holo kothai kothai amra jnar lekha line-guli mone kori , boli. ae rokom akti bishmoy Jibonanda, janke bhule jaoa dure thak, din'e din'e tnar lekhar chahida berei choleche. Kichu manus ashen janra ananda o anubhutir jogote nijeke sahaj mone koren.Jibananda ak odbhut nira-shakti, uda-shinata, bisan-nata-r jogote bichoron korten, abar sei shonge jiboner ananda-ras theke toiri ottonto suswadu paniya toiri korbar upaiti jeno tnar hater muthoy chilo.

Amra JIbonanander kobita bhalobashi karon amra jibon'ke bhalobashi. jibon manei to chola. ae cholar pothe bodle jachhe sharir-mon,chinta, budhhi,bodle jachhe prithibi tar shokol somaroha, shokol madhurya, shokol asarata aar nisthurata-ke buke dhore. jibon bodle mrityu hoei jachhe, mrityu-parabar theke uthey eshe henshe uthchey jibon. Aar ae jibon'ke bhalobeshe je bodh, je sotwa amader antor alokito kore rakhe, sei alor sondhan amra Jibonander lekhar modheye pai.

Robindranath'er bohumukhi rochona jakhan puropuri amader gras kore rekheche, tokhon sompurno nijer swatantra bojai rekhe, bangla bhasa o bangali'ke bhalobeshe tini ja diey gachen, ta ae materialistic jogoter jonno noi. manus'er subha-bodh tar jiboner sob-theke boro sampad. sei bodhi'ke jagiey rakhte amra khunji ashroy, amra khunji nirapotta, prerona, mukto chinta korbar moto poribesh. kothai jabo amra tnar kobita chere, tnar goddo rochonar modheye diey je bhalobasar kotha tini suniey-chen, take chere! ae sob kichur modheye diey tini jeno bolchen, "Atodin daki nai- tobu aaj- aaj tumi chole eso kache".

Bikrompurer Sharbananda Dasgupta brahma dharma niey sudhu Das podobi grahan koren abong Borishal'a chole aasen. tnar dwitiya sontan Satyananda'r tin sontan, Jibananda, Ashokananda abong kanya Suchorita. porasuna, shilpo-chorcha sob kichutei ae poribarti khub utsahi chilen, Jibonander ma Kusum kumari Das nije anek kobita o probondha likhten. tnar lekha kobita, "amader deshe hobe sei chele kobe, kothai na boro hoei kaje boro hobe"-amader aneker'e pora. choto-bela theke bangla, inreji literature porar sujog Jibonander hoeichilo abong parobarti jibon'e tini English-a M.A pass kore odhyapok hoeichilen.

Eta mene nitei hobe je jiboner prothom boro hobar dinguli abong prothom jouban tnar Bangladesh'a katai ae desher apurba prakritik soundarya tnar mone je mugdha-tar chap rekhechilo, se-guli tnar sob rochonar poto-bhumika hoei aache, bhagy'er porihas'a kolkata theke aar konodin tini Bangladesh'a jete paren ni, sudhu tnar,"ABAR ASHIBO PHIRE, DHANSIRITIR TIR"E AE BANGLAI"-- a tnar aka'r kanna noi, koto sohosro bangalir chokher jol er shonge mishe onno ak mohanadi tairi hoeiche se hisab bodh-hoi akmatro Mohakal'e rakhen'.

Jibananda-r kobita porar aage koti kotha mone rakhle subidhe hoi.

  1. Tnar kobita lekhar style tnar sompurno nijaswa. tini dekhiey diechen, prakito kobira sudhu kobitar jonno kobita lekhen.
  2. Kobita likhte chhonder grammar mene cholte keo badhya noi.
  3. Shobdo diey jemon khushi chobi, Rabindranath'er bhasai," "chitro-rupa-moy", anka jai. " Kamranga lal megh jeno mrito monia-r moto, Ganga-sagarer dheu-a dube gache..", Uter gribar moto kono ak nis-stabdha-ta..", "Asiache shanto anugato banglar neel sondhya"," Keshabati konya jeno esheche aakashe"--, 'hoei gache roga shalikh'er biborno ichha-r moto'etc.
  4. Jibananda-ke bujhte gele bhujhte hobe, 'birodha-bhas', oxymoron kake bole. Oximoron tai prokash korte cheshta kore ja amra bhasa diey thikmoto prokash korte pari na. Nasta-nir'a aache, 'amabshya'r alo'. Ramprasad'er gan, ' sunechi mar baran kalo, se kalo'te bhuban alo', Lalon phakir bolechen, 'Lalan shah koi thakte bela/ charo re mon bhober khela/ jakhan tar'e paibi hat-a/, hoi-te hobe jant'e mora/'. Milton likhechen,'darkness visible', Shakespeare likhechen,' loving hate','sick health'. Joan Donne likhechen, "Die an everlasting life, live an everlasting death". Henry Vaughan--,'dazzling darkness',etc. ato kotha ashlo, karon sobai Jibonander ae oxymoron-guli anubhob korun.Ae lekhaguli akrokom henyali, otindriyo jogoter hatchani dai.Tnar akti boi'er nam,'sat-ti tarar timir', jate ae birodha-bhas-er anek sundar line paoa jai.amra jakhan pori," Ananta roudrer andhakar" ba, " Odbhut andhar ak eseche a prithibi-te aaj, jara ondho sobcheye beshi aaj chokh-a dakhe tara...", puro kobita-ta porbar ichhe hoi na ki?
  5. Tnar kobita porbar somoy mone rakhte hobe je tnar kolpana kobi hisabe dur mahashunya-er sei sob jaiga onayas'e ghure aste parto ja amra prokash korte partam na. je manasik bhumi ba space theke tini nana sanketik shobd'e amader barta pathan sei shobdo-gulike amader bujhte hobe. ae sob protiki shobdo-guli chinte kosto hoi na. Dhusar, nil, nakshatra, jhora palak, bonolata sen, sonali danar chil, ghas, metho indur, sap, bang, sinri, shokoler-e soman aador tnar rochonai. prokitir modheye choriey thaka taja ghraan, manuser bhalobasar shonge makha-makhi hoei aache tnar kobita-gulite.
  6. " Ami Ishwer-a biswas kori na, ami manuser niti-bodh'a biswas kori"- tini bolechen. Juddha, orajakata, hinsha kokhono manuser asha, ananda, biswas nosto korte parena bole tini mone korten.
  7. Jibananda Das bangla bhasar srestha sonshoy-o-ta-badi kobi bole anake mone koren. Uchha-sikshita hoe-o tnar karma-jibon bhalo chilo na, artha-kosto chilo, paribarik sukh pan ni. tai tnar lekhar modheye sonshoy, dotana, ashanti-bhab paoa geleo manuser dhara-bahikatai biswas rekhe gachen chirokal.
  8. 'Suchetona'--ae shobdo-ti tnar khub priyo chilo :
    "Suchetona, ae pothe alo jwele,
    A pothei prithibir crama-mukti hobe"-- ae chilo tnar biswas.
  9. "Itihas/ abiral sunyo'er gras/ jadi na manab eshe/ tin foot jagatik kahinite/ hridoyer nilava aakash/ bichiey ashim kore/ rekhe diey jai/.
    Janma aar mrityur modheye tin foot ashimer joy-gan jini korte paren tini Jibonananda.
  10. Banalata sen'er, 'pakhir nirer moto chokh',ae akti upama tanke onno sob kobider theke alada kore dieche. a chara 'sada megher protibha', 'medhabi Nilima'jatiya shobdo tnar somosto rochonai choriey aache.Tnar chetonai nari abong prem-- sudhu pathoker nijaswa upolabdhi-r bishoy,ata tander opor chere deoa bhalo.

Onner biswas, onner adarsher dwara probhabito na hoei tini nijer bhetor theke uthey asha anubhuti-gulike, amader charpashe bhalo-mondo sob kichu theke niey amaderi jonno likhe gachen, tai tini amader ato kacher hoei uthechen. Amader ae rohosya-moi jiboner kichu bodh, kichu spandan-ke tini chonber cheshta korechilen, amrao jate chunte pari sei cheshtao. "Hajar bochor dhore/ ami path hantitechi/ ae prithibite/..."-- pechon phirle tini dekhte peten, tini aka non, asonkhya guna-mugdha manus tnar shonge poth hantche, sekhanei tnar sarthakata. Ae kuti-latar, nisthu-ratar jagat'e ae," Udaar-hridoy, prosonno, premik kobike pod'e pod'e amader mone poribe"-- bolechen Sajanikanta Das. Nihar ranjan Roy'er bhasai tini 'mohottomo kabi', Annadashankar Roy bolechilen tini,' bisuddha-tama kabi', Buddhadeb Bose bolechilen tini,' nirjona-tama kobi', amader shokoler kache tini,' antara-tama kobi'.

" Ghumaey poribo ami akdin tomader nakshatrer rat'e," othoba," Artha noi, kirti noi, sachhalata noi/ aaro ak bipanna bishmoy/ amader rokter bhitore/ khela kore/"-- akti tram-durghatanai, 14th. October, 1954'e tini mara jan.

Anek anurodh eshechilo Jibonanda-ke niey kichu likhe pathabar, khub choto kore tanke bujh'te parar cheshta korlam, tnar lekha ak-guchha kobita diey tanke shroddha janai.

 		1.	Prithibi-lok
         
	dure kache keboli nagar, ghar bhange;
	gram potoner shobdo hoi;
        manusera dher jug katiey diechey prithibite,
	deyal'e tader chaya, tobu;khhoti, mrityu, bhoy,
	bih-valata bole mone hoi.

	A sob sunya-ta chara konodik'e aaj, kichu nei somoyer tir'e.
	tobu byartha manusher glani, bhul chinta, sonkolper;
	Abirol marubhumi ghir'e
	bichitra brikkher shobde snigdha ak desh;
	a prithibi, ae prem, gyan, aar;
	hridoy'er ae nirdesh.	


		2. GHAS.

	kochi lebu-patar moto norom sobuj aloi
				prithibi bhore gieche ae bhorer bela;
	ka(n)cha batabir moto sobuj ghas- temni sughran-
				horinera dant diey chinre nichhe.
	amaro ichha kore ae ghas'er ghraan horit mod'er moto
				gelas'e- gelas'e pan kori,
	ae ghas'er shorir chani- chokh'e chokh ghoshi,
				ghaser pakh-nai amar palok,
	ghas'er bhitor ghas hoei jonmai kono ak nibir ghas-matar
				shorir'er suswad ondhokar theke neme.	 	

 	 
  
	    3.      SANDHAYA HOY- CHARIDIKE SHANTO NIRABATA

	Sandhaya hoi- charidike shanto nirobota;
	khor mukhe niey ak shalikh jeteche urey chupe-a;
	gorur gariti jai metho poth beye dhire-dhire;
	aangina bhoriya aache sonali khorer ghono stup'e;
	
	prithibir sob ghu-ghu dakiteche hijoler bon'e;
	prithibir sob rup lege aache ghas'e;
	prithibir sob prem amader dujonar mon'e;
	aakash choriey aache shanti hoei aakash'e- aakash'e.

	  4.    AAKASH'E  SAT-TI TARA


	Aakash'e sat-ti tara jakhan utheche phut'e ami ae ghas'e
	bosh'e thaki; kamranga- lal megh jeno mrito moniar moto
	ganga-sagorer dheu-a dub'e gache-- ashiache shanto anugoto
	Banglar nil sondhaya-- keshobati konya jeno esheche aakash'e:
	amar chokher por'e amar mukher por'e chul tar bhas'e
	prithibir kono poth a kanyar'e dyakhe-niko- dekhi nai oto;
	ajasra chuler chuma hijol;e kanthal;e jam'e jhore abiroto,
	jani nai ato snigdho gondho jhor'e ruposir chuler binyas'e

	
	prithibir kono poth'e; naram dhaner gondho- kolmir ghraan,
	hans'er palok, shor, pukur'er jol, chanda, sor-punti-der
	mridu ghraan, kishorir chal-dhoa bhij'e haat- sheet haat-khan'
	kishorer pa-a dola mutha-ghas,-- lal-lal bot'er pholer
	byathito gondher klanta nirabata-- er'e majhe banglar pran:
	aakash'e sat-ti tara jakhan utheche phut'e ami pai te'r.


	  5.    METHO CHAND

	Metho chand roiche takaey amar mukh'er dik'e, dai'ne aar ban'ey,
	poro jami, khor-nara, math'er phatol, sisir'er jol.
	metho chand, kast'er moto banka, chokha - cheye aache;
	amoni se takaeyche koto rat- nai lekha-joka.


	Metho chand bole:
	akash'er tol'e, khete khete langol'er dhar muche gache,
	phasal katar somoy aasia gache, chole gache kobe!
	sosya phalia gache- tumi keno tob'e roeicho danraey!
 	aka, aka! dai'ne aar ban'ey,
	khor-nara - poro jami - math'er phatol, sisirer jol!...
	

	Ami tar'e boli:
	phasal gieyche dher pholi,sasya gieche jhore koto -
	Buro hoei gacho tumi ae Buri prithibir moto!
	khete - khete langol'er dhar - muche gache kotobar - 
	kotobar phasal katar, somoy asia gache, chole gache kobe!
	sasya phalia gache, tumi keno tobe roeicho danraiy- aka, aka!
	dai'ne aar ban'ey,
	poro jami - khor-nara - math'er phatol - sisirer jol!
	 
	 		
	6.   BANGLAR MUKH AMI DEKHIACHI.

	Banglar mukh ami dekhiachi, tai ami prithibir rup
	khunjit'e jai na aar: 
	andhakar'e jege uthe dumur'er gach'e,
	cheye dekhi chatar moto boro patatir nich'e boshe aache,
	bhor'er doel pakhi!
	charidik'e cheye dekhi pollob'er stup;
	jam - bot- kanthal'er- hijol'er - aswahathh'er,
	kore aache chup;
	phani-monosar jhop'e shati-bon'e tahader chaya poriache;
	madhukar dinga theke na jani se kobe;
	chand chompar kache amoni hijol - bot - tomal'er nil chaya;
	banglar aporup rup dekhechilo.

	Behulao akdin gangur'er jol'e vela niey,
	krishna- dwadoshir  jyotsna jakhan moria gache nadir chorai - 
	sonali dhan'er pash'e asankhaya aswathha bot dekhechilo hai,
	shyamar naram gan sunechilo, - akdin amarai giey;
	chinno khonjonar moto jakhaon se nechechilo indr'er sobhai;
	banglar nodi, math, bhant-phool ghungur'er moto tar;
	kende-chilo pai. 			     		 
	
                         

	7.    DINRAT.


	saradin miche kete galo;
	sararat boddo kharap
	nirasai byartha-tai katbe jibon,
	dinrat, dina-gata pap;
	kshoye korbar moto byabahar sudhu.

	phani-manosar kanta tobuo to snigdha sisir'e
	mekhe aache; aktio pakhi sun'ye nei;
	sob gyan-papi pakhi phire gache nir'e.	
			
	    
	8.  ODBHUT ANDHAR AK.

	Odbhut andhar ak esheche a prithibit'e aaj,
	jara ondho, sobcheye beshi aaj chokh'e dakhe tara;
	jader hridoy'e kono prem nei - prity nei - korunar aloron nei;
	prithibi achol aaj tader su-poramorsho chara!

	jader gobhir astha aache aajo manuser proti;
	akhono jader kache swabhabik bole mone hoi;
	mahat satya ba riti, kingba shilpo othoba sadhana;
	shokun o sheyal'er khadya aaj tader hridoy.


	9.  SE.

	Amake se niechilo deke;
	bolechilo: 'a nadir jol, tomar chokher moto mlaan bet-phol;
	sob klanti, rokt'er theke, snigdha rakhche potobhumi;
	ae nadi tumi.'

	'er nam Dhansiri bujhi?' maach-ranga-der bollam;
	gobhir meyeti eshe dieychilo nam.
	aaj-o ami meye-tike khunji---
	jol'er opar sinri beye, kothai je chole gache meye.

	somoy'er abirol shada aar kalo bunonir bukh theke esh'e;
	maach, aar mon aar maach-ranga'der bhalobeshe;
	dher aage nari ak - tobu chokh jhalsano alo;
	bhalobeshe sholo-ana nagarik jadi na hoei; borong hoto Dhansiri nadi! 

	10.   TOMAKE BHALOBESHE.

	Aaj'ke bhorer aloi ujjol
	ae jibon'er podmo-patar jol;	
	tobuo a jol kothar theke ak nimes'e eshe
	kothai chole jai;
	bujhechi ami tomake bhalobese
	rat phurul'e podmer patai.

	amar mon'e anek jonmo dhor'e chilo byatha
	bujh'e tumi ae jonm'e hoicho podm-apata
	hoicho tumi rater sisir--
	sisir jhirar swar 
	sarati rat podma-patar por,
	tobuo podmo-potre a jol aatk'e rakha dai. 	 	
	
	nitya premer ichhe niey tobuo chanchal
	podmo-patai tomar jol'e mish'e gelam jol;
	tomar aloi alo holam, tomar gun'e gun;
	ananta kal sthai premer aaswas'e korun
	jibon kshna-sthai tobu hai!

	ae jibon'e satya tobu peyechi aktil:
	podmo-patai tomar amar mil.
	aakash nil, prithibi ae mithe,
	road bheseche, dhenki'te par pore;
	podmo-potro jol niey tar--jol niey tar nor'e;
	podmo-potre jol phuriey jai.
	
		
	11.  BONOLQTA SEN.

	Hajar bochor dhor'e ami poth hantitechi prithibir poth'e'
	singhal somudra theke nishith'er andhakar'e maloy sagar'e
	anek ghurechi ami, Bimbisar Ashok'er dhusar jogot'e
	sekhan'e chilam ami; aro dur ondhokar'e Bidarva nagar'e;
	ami klanto pran ak, charidik'e jiboner samudra saphen,
	amar'e du-danda shanti dieychilo Nator'er Bonolata Sen.

	Chul tar kobekar andhakar Bidisar nisha,
	mukh tar Srabastir karukarya; otidur somu'drer por
	hal bhenge je nabik hara-echeye disha
	sobuj ghas'er desh jakhan se chokh'e dakhe daru-chini-dwip'er vitor,
	temoni dekhechi tar'e ondhokar'e; boleche se, 'atodin kothai chilen?'
	pakhir nir'er moto chokh tul;e Nator'er Bonolata Sen.

	Samasta din'er seshe sisirer shobd'er moton
	sandhaya aashe; danar roud'rer gondho much'e phele chil;
	prithibir sob rong niv'e gele pandulipi kor'e ayojon
	tokhon golp'er tor'e jonakir rong'e jhilmil;
	sob pakhi ghor'e aase - sob nadi - phurai a- jibon'er sob lenden;
	tha'ke sudhu ondhokar, mukhomukhi bosibar Bonolata Sen.


	12.    ABAR ASHIBO PHIR'E.

	Abar ashibo phir'e dhansiri-tir teer'e -- ae Banglai
	hoito manus noi -- hoito ba shankha-chil shalikh'er besh'e;
	hoito bhorer kak hoei ae Kartik'er nabann'er desh'e
	kuashar buk'e bheshe akdin asibo a kanthal- chaya-i;
	hoito ba hans hobo - kishorir - ghungur rohibe lal pai,
	sara din kete jabe kolmir gondho bhora jol'e bheshe-bheshe;
	abar ashibo ami Banglar nadi math kkhet bhalobeshe.

	Hoito dekhib'e cheye Sudorshan uriteche sondhayar batash'e,
	hoito sunib'e ak lakshmi-pencha dakiteche shimul'er dal'e;
	hoito khoi-er dhan chorateche sishu ak uthan'er ghas'e;
	Rupsha-r ghola jol'e hoito kishor ak sada chenra pal'e
	dinga bai; -- ranga megh santrai ondhokar'e ashiteche nir'e
	dekhib'e  dhobol bock: amakei pab'e tumi ihader bhir'e.


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